10 Steps to Daily Diabetic Foot Care
The Disease That Can Affect You from Head To Toe
|01.||Inspect your feet daily. Look for redness, swelling, open sores or drainage. Use a mirror to look at the sole (underside) of your foot.|
|02.||Prevent dry brittle skin. Avoid soaking your feet. Wash your feet with warm soapy water. Be sure to dry well between your toes. If the skin is dry, rub on a small amount of low-fragrance skin lotion.|
|03.||Don't "self-treat" sore feet with heat unsupervised, especially if you have nerve damage (neuropathy). The heat can burn your sensitive skin.|
|04.||Get help trimming your toenails to avoid ingrown toenails or injury. Your diabetes may have affected your vision or you may not be as limber as necessary to do a safe job trimming your nails.|
|05.||Poorly fitting shoes can cause sensitive pressure areas and impair circulation, which can lead to infection of the skin, muscle, and bone.|
|06.||Remember to check your shoes periodically for signs of wear, foreign objects or insects. Be aware that your diabetes may cause a loss of feeling or poorer circulation. Shoes that rub can cause foot or skin pain.|
|07.||Don't use caustic medicines to treat your own corns or calluses. The chemicals can burn your sensitive skin and lead to serious infection.|
|08.||Going barefoot is strongly discouraged. Walking barefoot increases the risk of injury or infection to your toes and feet. The only place to go barefoot is in the shower|
|09.||Sandals with thongs can cause friction between your toes. Friction can lead to redness in the skin and in turn, can cause a break in the skin and the beginning of an infection.|
|10.||The single most important thing you can do to protect your feet is to control your sugar through diet and exercise.|
|Diabetes Foot Facts
PREVALENCE OF DIABETES
PREVALENCE OF DIABETES AMONG PEOPLE 20 YEARS OR OLDER
PREVALENCE OF DIABETES BY RACE/ETHNICITY AMONG PEOPLE 20 YEARS OR OLDER
COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES
PREVENTING DIABETES COMPLICATIONS
Comprehensive foot care programs can reduce amputation rates by 45 percent to 85 percent.
Research in the United States and abroad has found that lifestyle changes can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes among high-risk adults. Lifestyle interventions included diet and moderate-intensity physical activity, such as walking for 2.5 hours each week.
Information for this fact sheet has been compiled using the latest statistics from the American Diabetes Association and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.